All about Diabetes and Sports – Hypoglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis Risks


diabetes sports

Being a diabetic doesn’t mean that your life should have less fun and excitement. Most people think that it is difficult to be as efficient in doing things as they used to be because of diabetes and sports of all things. Which is not true at all. Sports can, in fact, improve a lot of things about you and can actually help better your health and diabetes. All you have to do is improve your awareness so that you are better equipped when it comes to dealing with any kind of problems that might arise in the pursuit of your passion. Here is more about diabetes and sports.

How can sports help diabetes?

Sports can have a very positive influence over both mental health and physical health of a person. In fact, diabetes as such is a disease that occurs because of lack of proper exercise to the body, keeping aside other reasons such as hereditary and viral infections. Here are a few reasons why sports can be good for treating diabetes.

  • Sports can help increase your body”s ability to use insulin and thus decreasing the chances of complications that might arise due to improper blood sugar levels.
  • They help maintain blood sugar and body weight which are essential in treating diabetes.
  • They help decrease the cholesterol levels in blood decreasing the chances of heart related diseases.
  • They help improve your fitness and stamina, and thus increasing your body”s ability to cope with any illness.
  • Sports can also help relieve both physical and mental stress.
  • Most importantly sports inculcate a positive attitude towards life and personal well-being. They can keep depression at bay, help diffuse anger and other negative emotions, and improve confidence levels and a sense of self-worth.

Tackling the Risks of Hypoglycemia

While participating in sports diabetics are at a risk of hypoglycemia, a situation where the amount of glucose present is abnormally low. This happens either because all the glucose present in blood is used up for energy production or because of fasting or low food intake. Here is how to deal with the risk of hypoglycemia while playing sports.

  • Make sure you are have fed yourself properly before the sporting event.
  • Do not over do any kind of physical activity beyond your physical limits. If you want to improve your performance work on yourself progressively but not suddenly.
  • Always keep with you any snack that is sweet or any fast acting glucose.

Tackling the Risks of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a very serious condition for type 1 diabetics during sports. High levels of blood sugar and lack of insulin in the body causes fatty acids to breakdown for energy production in an uncontrolled manner. This releases excess amounts of ketones in to the blood increasing its acidity which is very dangerous. Taking precautions to stop this process can decrease the risk of further complications.

  • Make sure that you have taken enough amount of insulin depending on your blood sugar levels before doing anything physically demanding.
  • Dehydration is the first symptom of diabetic ketoacidosis. So, the moment you find yourself feeling dehydrated or nauseated take oral re-hydration liquids to replace salts and water.
  • If you think the dehydration is severe or you have started feeling dizzy contact your doctor or emergency medical help immediately.

What are the things you should keep in mind while participating in sports?

  • Discuss with your doctor about your participation in sports and learn how to handle emergency situations such as hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Always carry your medication, some snacks, water, and re-hydration solutions to avoid hypoglycemia and, if you are a type 1 diabetic, ketoacidosis.
  • If you are a type 1 diabetic, choose carefully the location where you need to administer yourself an insulin injection. Because if you inject insulin in the body part that you are more likely to use it will be utilized very fast for energy production.

Never lose hope whether you are a type 1 diabetic or type 2 diabetic. There are many athletes who has diabetes and sports has always been there passion and source of inspiration. When they can do it, you can.


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